Brașov
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Brașov

Described with admiration by tourists coming from all over the world, the city of Brasov is in the mountain depression of Romania. It is the perfect place to enjoy nature, picturesque landscapes, fortifications and medieval fortresses, mountain sports, culture and tradition.
With a backpack, a camera and being ready for exploration, you can make a stop in the historical centre of Brașov. In the Brașov Council Square, the multitude of tourists coming from different countries, alongside the buildings with special architecture, emanates a sensational energy. In the distant past, here were organized fairs for Saxon, Hungarian and Romanian merchants.
In the centre of the market you will find the House of Council, a construction that combines different architectural styles, where every merchant would present his merchandise in the past. Also, in the centre, you will discover the largest gothic church in Romania – the Black Church, which is over 500 years old. The church got this name because of the black smoke that covered the walls after a fire that started in 1689. In the church there is one of the largest organs in Europe, an organ with 4,000 tubes.

A superb panorama with the city can surprise you from Fortress Hill. Here you can find an old defence point of the city, called Cetățuia. Built in 1524, Cetățuia initially had a single watchtower, later added a wooden bastion, four towers and a mysterious well with a depth of 81 meters.

The mystery of the Middle Ages also surrounds Brașov, where a whole network of tunnels and grottoes have been discovered, which, in the past, were supposed to link several defensive bastions or even all parts of the city. The most well-known are the tunnels discovered in the area called “Beyond the walls”, where after the demolition of a house in the Bartolomeu neighborhood, in 2008, a locked metal door was found that lead to the Bartholomew Church. During the Second World War, it was assumed that there was a tunnel connecting the Council Square to a cave on the Tâmpa Saddle, where German prisoners of war were held captive.

The medieval buildings in Brașov include two important towers for the city at their respective time: The White Tower and the Black Tower. The first one was built in the form of a horseshoe and was inhabited by tinkers and coppersmiths. The 11m high Black Tower was meant to keep enemies away from the walls of the city, but also to connect the city to the Blacksmiths’ Bastion through a draw bridge.

But the area of ​​Brasov, besides the medieval and cultural edifices it has, is sought by tourists for its natural parks and seasonal mountain activities.

Piatra Craiului Natural Park is an oasis of tranquillity and relaxation, covering an area of ​​1200 hectares. Extremely rich and unique vegetation gathers endemic plant species that are protected by law, one of which is “the garofița with too beautiful girdles”, a flower discovered more than 100 years ago in Romania.

It is said that the first excursions that were made in this area were made by shepherds and locals in 1822. The most representative landmarks from the Piatra Craiului mountain are: Dâmbovicioarei Gorges, Brusturea Gorges, Vlăduşca Avena, Dăstău Crest or Zărneştiului Gorges.

Nature has created a true landscape painting in the Natural Park of the Bucegi Mountains, located in the eastern part of the Southern Carpathians. The name of the Bucegi Mountains comes from “Bucyca” or “Bucechi”, which means “beech”, because the slopes situated at over 1000 m altitude are covered with beech forests. Bucegi Natural Park is a complex habitat with over 3500 species of animals, some quite rare, such as the Carpathian newt, the deer, the mountain cock or the bison, as well as unique plant species in Romania protected by law such as the Edelweiss, white ivy and yellow garnet. In addition to mountain hiking with an authorized tourist guide, climbing, mountain biking and various winter sports are also practiced here. The most impressive places in Bucegi are the Babele and the Sphinx, the Urlătoarea waterfall, the Tatars Gorges, or the Poiana Crucii.

Tâmpa Nature Reserve is another tourist attraction in the area. The city and even the entire county can be admired perfectly from the top of Mount Tâmpa, which reaches an altitude of 960 m and belongs to the Postăvaru mountain. Explorers with a sense of adventure can climb to the top by following one of the mountain trails, and those who want to get to the top faster to enjoy other activities can climb with the cable car. Spreading over an area of over 150 hectares, on the northern slope of the reserve lies a forest with different tree species, from oak, linden, elm, ash tree and pines. In addition, over 35% of the butterfly species in Romania find their home here, further enhancing the beauty of the places.